July 2013 Egyptian protests

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On 30 June 2013, on the first anniversary of the election of Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, millions of protesters across Egypt demanded the immediate resignation of the president due to political, economic and social issues that escalated in his term. [1][2][3] In Cairo, tens of thousands of demonstrators gathered in Tahrir Square and outside the presidential palace, while other demonstrations were held in the cities of Alexandria, Port Said and Suez.[4] The demonstrations, which had been largely peaceful, turned violent when five anti-Morsi protesters were killed in separate clashes and shootings.[4] At the same time, supporters of Morsi staged a rally in Nasr City, a district of Cairo.[4]
On the morning of 1 July, anti-Morsi protesters ransacked the national headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo. Protesters threw objects at windows and looted the building, making off with office equipment and documents. The health ministry confirmed the deaths of eight people who had been killed in clashes around the headquarters in Mokattam.[5]July13 Egyptian protests

On 1 July, the Egyptian Armed Forces issued a 48-hour ultimatum which gave the country’s political parties until 3 July to meet the demands of the Egyptian people. The Egyptian military also threatened to intervene if the dispute is not resolved by then.[8] Four Ministers also resigned on the same day, including tourism minister Hisham Zazoucommunication and IT minister Atef Helmi, state minister for legal and parliamentary affairs Hatem Bagato and state minister for environmental affairs Khaled Abdel Aal,[9] leaving the government with members of the Muslim Brotherhood only.

On 2 July Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr resigned as well marking the 5th minister to resign from the government in support of the protests.[10]The presidency rejected the Egyptian Army’s 48 hour ultimatum vowing that the president is sticking with his own plans for national reconciliation to resolve the political crisis. [11] Incidentally the Egyptian court of cassation ordered the reinstatement of former general prosecutor Abdel Maguid Mahmoud who was replaced with Talaat Abdallah following the constitutional declaration on November 22, 2012.[12] The Presidency spokesman and the spokesman for the cabinet resigned as well.[13]

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